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Earth, Moon, Sun System

Third Grade Students Ideas about Lunar Phases

This paper can be used to supplement Section IV by sharing a study in which third grade students shared their ideas about lunar phases prior to and following instruction designed to promote conceptual change.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Stahly, L., Krockover, G., Shepardson, D. (1999). Third grade students ideas about lunar phases. Journal of Research in Science Teaching. 36(2): 159-177.

Session 7: Our Nearest Neighbor: The Moon

A ten minute clip at the beginning of this video can be used with Section II to show a fifth grade lesson on developing a scale model of the size and distance of the earth and the moon. The video is an example of a constructivist lesson that starts with the students' own ideas about size and distance followed by guiding them through building a model to get a more accurate sense of scale. The lesson also addresses the ways models are constructed and used.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (2004). "Our Nearest Neighbor: The Moon." in Essential Science for Teachers: Earth and Space Science. Session 7. Anneneberg CPB. Click here to access streaming video on demand or get information on ordering the videotape.

Private Universe- Tape 1 Astronomy

Video shows MIT and Harvard graduates and a high school student struggling with ideas related to the sun-earth-moon system, particularly seasons and the phases of the moon. Can be used with Section IV to examine preconceptions or with Section I to clarify adult understanding (very good content explanations provided in the video).

Bibliographic Citation: 
Available from Annenberg CPB

Objects in the Sky

This assessment probe can be used with CTS Section IV. This probe targets student ideas related to when objects can be seen in the sky. The probe can be used to examine student work related to the idea that some objects can be seen only in the day time, some only at night, and some,like the moon, can be seen in both day and night. In addition, the teacher notes provide further information for CTS Sections II, III, and IV.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Keeley, P., Eberle, F., and Tugel, J. (2007). Uncovering student ideas in science-25 more formative assessment probes. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press (available at nsta.org; also available through amazon.com).

Moon Misconceptions-Bringing Pedagogical Research of Lunar Phases into the Classroom

Misconceptions on phases of the moon to use with Section IV.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Hermann, R. and Lewis, B. (Nov 2003)Moon misconceptions-bringing pedagogical research of lunar phases into the classroom.Science Scope.51-55.

Learning about Phases of the Moon and Eclipses: A Guide for Teachers and Curriculum Developers

This paper can be used with Sections II,III,IV,V, and VI to further discuss implications for curriculum and assessment as they relate to standards.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Kavanagh, C., Agan, L., Sneider, C. (2005)"Learning about Phases of the Moon and Eclipses: A Guide for Teachers and Curriculum Developers" in Astronomy Education Review 4(1) Also online at: http://aer.noao.edu/AERArticle.php?issue=7ßion=2&article=2

Emmy's Moon and Stars

This assessment probe can be used with CTS Section IV. This probe targets student ideas related to the relative distances between earth, the moon, and stars. The probe can be used to examine student work related to the idea that stars are very far away. In addition, the teacher notes provide further information for CTS Sections II, III, and IV.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Keeley, P., Eberle, F., and Tugel, J. (2007). Uncovering student ideas in science-25 more formative assessment probes. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press (available at nsta.org; also available through amazon.com).

Darkness at Night

This assessment probe can be used with CTS Section IV. This probe targets student ideas related to the day/night cycle. The probe can be used to examine student work related motion in the earth-sun system. In addition, the teacher notes provide further information for CTS Sections II, III, and IV.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Keeley, P., Eberle, F., and Tugel, J. (2007). Uncovering student ideas in science-25 more formative assessment probes. Arlington, VA: NSTA Press (available at nsta.org; also available through amazon.com).

Astronomy in the National Science Education Standards

This article can be used with Sections II and III as an overview of the K-12 astronomy ideas in the National Science Education Standards and their implications for curriculum and instruction. Selected sections of the article can be used with any of the topic study guides in the Astronomy Category.

Bibliographic Citation: 
Adams,J. and Slater,T.(2000)Astronomy in the national science education standards. In Journal of Geoscience Education. 48(1), pp 39-45. <http://www.physics.montana.edu/physed/documents/astro-agenda-jge.pdf>
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